Cecilio Plá Y Gallardo Spain
11-22-1860 Valencia, ESP – 8-4-1934 Madrid, ESPBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
As a child, Cecilio Pla y Gallardo studied music at the Escuela de Artesanos de Valencia, in accordance with the wishes of his father, who was the bandleader and arranger for the Teatro Principal. Later, he followed his own desires to be an artist and continued his studies at the Instituto San Pablo and the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos.
After winning a Silver Medal at the Exposición de Valencia in 1879, Cecilio Pla moved to Madrid with a friend, where he entered the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, becoming a student of Emilio Sala.
The following year, after traveling through Portugal, France and Italy, he settled in Rome. From there, he sent home numerous works, mostly in the Costumbrismo genre, which showed the influence of Marià Fortuny. Some were shown at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts, winning medals in 1884 and 1887 for paintings on Italian subjects. He received many more medals over the next two decades, including a Medal of Honor at the Exposition Universelle (1900).
In 1910, Cecilio Pla began his career as a teacher at the Academy of San Fernando, succeeding Sala in the Chair of "Color Aesthetics and Painting Procedures", which he held until his retirement in 1931. He was named an Academician in 1924. His dedication to teaching drastically reduced his artistic output. Juan Gris was, perhaps, his best-known student.
In addition to his paintings and drawings, he worked on many public projects, completing the work begun by Sala at the Casino de Madrid and providing decorations for the Círculo de Bellas Artes.
Cecilio Pla y Gallardo lived and created in two different centuries, influenced on the one hand, by the Mediterranean light and on the other, by the everyday life, the environment and its people, of the new bourgeoisie of the beginning of the century.
Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Emilio Sala, Mariano Fortuny
Traveled: Portugal, France, Italy
Influenced: Juan Gris