Bernard De Hoog Netherlands

11-19-1867 Amsterdam, NED – 12-17-1943 The Hague, NED

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Hoog, Bernard De

Bernard de Hoog showed talent as a schoolboy, but his request to study art was refused. He spent three years working in an office and the merchant who found sketches and drawings instead of figures in the ledgers gave him a commission to make a portrait of his wife. With the merchant's encouragement, Bernard de Hoog was sent to a drawing master and afterwards to a drawing academy.

The last few years as a student were made easier by his success in gaining the subsidy from the Dutch Queen, which he held for two years. He worked for some time under one of the greatest Dutch animal painters, Jan van Essen, and copied many of the old masters, such as Pieter de Hooch and Frans Hals.

Soon Bernard de Hoog came to be a painter of interiors, because he lived in a village rich in them. He painted interiors for four years, and then migrated to other provinces with his family.

Bernard de Hoog followed the Hague School, primarily a movement of realism, a reaction against the previous mood of romanticism. He painted many small pictures of the life of the country people, of the homes of the peasants, with the light shining through the ancient windows.

On the Continent his pictures attracted much attention, and he was well received in the Netherlands, where his popular scenes were exhibited and sold at many provincial and National galleries. His paintings were also readily exported around the world, especially to the US, Canada, and England.

Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Jan van Essen, Pieter de Hooch, Frans Hals, Jozef Israëls
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