Bartolomé Esteban Murillo Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
1-1-1618 Seville, ESP – 4-3-1682 Seville, ESPBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
A great master of sentimental religious paintings, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo received his brief artistic training from Juan de Castillo, but when his master moved to Cadiz, Murillo scraped a living by painting cheap religious daubs, hawked at public fairs. It was an inauspicious start for the man who would be a co-founder of the Seville Academy in 1660 and became its first president.
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo's career took off in 1648 when he went to Madrid and met his fellow townsman Diego Velasquez, who not only helped him but also introduced his work to the royal court. During Spains Golden Century, the Siglo de Oro, many of the great masters were from the Seville School, including Zurban and Valdes Leal, but each painter expressed his own vision of the world, thus reflecting the range of emotions in Spanish Baroque art. Many of his earlier paintings were portraits of Franciscan saints, executed for the Franciscan monastery in Seville, but he went on to produce many works of a more general religious nature.
Besides his devout religious works, Murillo also produced many genre subjects, these lively, realist portraits of beggars, street urchins, fruit sellers and other aspects of low life which reflect the hardships of his youth. Many times, he painted important images of the daily life of ordinary people, whom he generally portrays with amused sympathy using a refined technique, as in the Two Women at a Window, constituting an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times. Seventeenth-century Spanish painting offers a touching image of dreams and life, of illusion and reality.
He died from injuries sustained in a fall from scaffolding while painting the altarpiece at Cadiz in 1682. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo had many pupils and followers. The prolific reproductions of his paintings ensured his reputation in Spain and fame throughout Europe, and before the 19th century, his work was more known than that of any other Spanish artist.
Art Movement History: Baroque Art
Artists Influencing Esteban Murillo: Juan del Castillo, Diego Velázquez
He Traveled To France
Painters Bartolome Murillo Influenced: Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Thomas Gainsborough