Asher Brown Durand USA

8-21-1796 Maplewood, USA - 9-17-1886 Maplewood, USA

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Durand, Asher Brown

Asher Brown Durand was apprenticed to an engraver from 1812 to 1817 and later entered into a partnership with the owner of the firm, who asked him to run the firm's New York branch. He engraved Declaration of Independence for John Trumbull in 1823, which established Durand's reputation as one of the country's finest engravers.

Asher Brown Durand helped organize the New York Drawing Association in 1825, which would become the National Academy of Design; he would serve the organization as president from 1845 to 1861.

His interest shifted from engraving to oil painting around 1830 with the encouragement of his patron, Luman Reed. In 1837, he accompanied his friend Thomas Cole on a sketching expedition to Schroon Lake in the Adirondacks and soon after he began to concentrate on landscape painting. He spent summers sketching in the Catskills, Adirondacks, and the White Mountains of New Hampshire, making hundreds of drawings and oil sketches that were later incorporated into finished academy pieces which helped to define the Hudson River School.

Another of Asher Brown Durand's painting is his Progress (1853). The landscape depicts America's progress, from a state of nature on the left, where Native Americans look on), towards the right, where there are roads, telegraph wires, a canal, warehouses, railroads, and steamboats.

Asher Brown Durand is noted for his 1849 painting Kindred Spirits. This was painted as a tribute to Cole upon Cole's death during 1848. The painting, donated by Bryant's daughter Julia to the New York Public Library during 1904, was sold by the library by means of Sotheby's at an auction during May 2005 to Alice Walton. At $35 million, however, it would be a record price paid for an American painting at the time.

Movement: Hudson River School
Influences: Thomas Cole
From Wikipedia

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