Arthur Hughes England

1-27-1832 London, ENG –12-22-1915 Kew, ENG

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Hughes, Arthur

Arthur Hughes in 1846 he entered the art school at Somerset House, his first master being Alfred Stevens, and later entered the Royal Academy schools. Here he met John Everett Millais and Holman Hunt, and became one of the Pre-Raphaelite group of painters. His first picture, Musidora, was hung at the Royal Academy when he was only 17, and thenceforth he contributed almost annually not only to the Royal Academy but later also to the Grosvenor and New Gallery exhibitions.

In 1855 Arthur Hughes married Tryphena Foord, his model for April Love. Hughes died in London in 1915, leaving about 700 known paintings and drawings, along with over 750 book illustrations. Following the death of Tryphena Hughes in 1921, their daughter Emily had to move to a smaller house. There was a shortage of space. She had her father’s preparatory sketches, and all his private papers and correspondence, destroyed.

Arthur Hughes best-known paintings are April Love and The Long Engagement, both of which depict troubled couples contemplating the transience of love and beauty. They were inspired by John Everett Millais's earlier "couple" paintings.

Like Millais, Arthur Hughes also painted Ophelia which is housed at Toledo Museum of Art. Hughes's version of the latter is in the form of a secular triptych, a technique he repeated for scenes from Shakespeare's As You Like It. The beautiful oil portrait Springtide, first exhibited in Dublin in 1855, features his wife Tryphena.

He was the father of the English painter Arthur Ford Hughes and the uncle of Edward Robert Hughes.

Art Movement: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Influences: Alfred Stevens
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