Armand Guillaumin France

2-16-1841 Paris, FRA – 6-26-1927 Paris, FRA

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Guillaumin, Armand

Born Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin in Paris, he worked at his uncle's lingerie shop while attending evening drawing lessons. He also worked for a French government railway before studying at the Académie Suisse in 1861. There, he met Paul Cézanne and Camille Pissarro with whom he maintained lifelong friendships. While he never achieved the stature of these two, his influence on their work was significant. Cézanne attempted his first etching based on Armand Guillaumin paintings of barges on the River Seine.

Together, they painted on the banks of the Seine around 1873. Armand Guillaumin painted views of the banks of the Seine and more particularly the views of Ivry-sur-Seine, Clamart, and Charenton, in the southern suburbs of Paris. These views testify to the artist's strong preference for water, which was to become one of his favorite subjects. At that time, Guillaumin already used a pallet with rather high tones.

Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin exhibited at the Salon des Refusés in 1863. He participated in six of the eight Impressionist exhibitions: 1874, 1877, 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1886. In 1886 he became a friend of Vincent van Gogh whose brother, Theo sold some of his works.

Edgar Degas and Claude Monet were not particularly impressed by his works, which were marked by a passion for color that towards the end of his life, brought him close to the Fauves.

He married in 1887 with Marie-Josephine Garton, a teacher at the Lycée Fénelon, a native of the Creuse. Edgar Degas and Paul Gauguin are his witnesses.

His prospects improved when he was taken up by the art dealer Auguste Portier, and he was assured financial stability when he won 100,000 Francs in the National Lottery in 1891, he gave up his government job and painted full-time. The vigor of his brushwork and the obvious zest that informs his landscapes bring him close to Van Gogh and clearly influenced the young Henri Matisse.

Noted for their intense colors, Guillaumin's paintings are represented in major museums around the world. He was one of the first and most faithful participants of the Impressionist group. His landscapes of the Creuse, especially those around Crozant, rank among its most prized works.

Art Movement History: Impressionism
Artists Influencing Armand Guillaumin: Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Matisse
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