Anton Rudolf Mauve Netherlands
9-18-1838 Zaandam, NED - 2-5-1888 Arnhem, NEDBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Most of Anton Rudolf Mauve's work depicts people and animals in outdoor settings. In his Morning Ride in the Rijksmuseum, for example, fashionable equestrians at the seacoast are seen riding away from the viewer. An unconventional detail, horse droppings in the foreground, attests his commitment to realism. His best known paintings depict peasants working in the fields. His best known paintings depict peasants working in the fields. His paintings of flocks of sheep were especially popular with American patrons, so popular indeed that a price differential developed between scenes of "sheep coming" and "sheep going".
Anton Rudolf Mauve was apprenticed to the painter Pieter Frederik van Os followed by Wouter Verschuur. In his further development he worked with Paul Gabriël, painting from nature, and they regularly stayed and worked together at Oosterbeek, the 'Dutch Barbizon'. He was a friend of Jozef Israëls and Willem Maris.
In the last two years of his life Anton Rudolf Mauve settled in the village of Laren in the region surrounding Hilversum called het Gooi. The group of painters who settled there, including Jozef Israëls and Albert Neuhuys, came to be known collectively as the Larense School and the region around het Gooi was dubbed 'Mauve land' as far afield as the United States. Mauve will have influenced many other painters one of whom was the Scottish painter, Robert McGregor.
Anton Rudolf Mauve was married to van Gogh's cousin Ariëtte (Jet) Sophia Jeannette Carbentus, and he was a major influence on Vincent van Gogh, who revered him. He is mentioned, directly or indirectly, in 152 of van Gogh's surviving letters.
Van Gogh spent three weeks at Mauve's studio at the end of 1881 and during that time he made his first experiments in painting under Mauve's tutelage, first in oils and then early the next year in watercolor. Anton Rudolf Mauve continued to encourage him and lent him money to rent and furnish a studio, but later grew cold towards him and did not return a number of letters. Nevertheless, van Gogh continued to hold Anton Rudolf Mauve in very high esteem and dedicated one of his most iconic paintings to Mauve's memory after hearing of his sudden death.
Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Pieter Frederik van Os, Wouter Verschuur
Influenced: Vincent van Gogh, Robert McGregor