Andreas Schelfhout Netherlands
2-16-1787 Ghent, NED - 4-19-1870 The Hague, NEDBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Andreas Schelfhout belongs to the Romantic movement. His Dutch winter scenes and frozen canals with skaters were already famous during his lifetime. He became one of the most influential Dutch landscape artists of his century.
Andreas Schelfhout started as a house painter in the framing business of his father. He already started painting pictures in his spare time. After a well-received first exhibition in The Hague, his father sent him to receive proper training to Joannes Breckenheimer, a stage designer, in The Hague. He learned not only the technical aspects of painting, but also made detailed studies of the 17th-century Dutch landscape artists Meindert Hobbema en Jacob van Ruisdael.
In 1815 Andreas Schelfhout started his own workshop and became a member of the Pulchri studio. Through his technical excellence and sense of composition and his use of naturalistic colors, he soon became famous also outside The Hague.
Initially he painted mainly summer scenes, beach scenes, and animal paintings. But as his initial winter scenes even had more success, he began to include them in his exhibitions. He was mainly a studio artist, relying on his sketches done en plein air. This indicated that he travelled abroad around 1825. In later years he visited France in 1833, England in 1835 especially to study the works of John Constable and Germany.
Andreas Schelfhout provided training to many painters who would become famous in their own right : Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Johan Jongkind (one of the forerunners of the Impressionists), Charles Leickert.
His death marked the end of the Romantic period in Holland. He is considered a precursor of the Hague School.
Art Movement: Romanticism Art
Influences: Joannes Breckenheimer, Meindert Hobbema, Jacob van Ruisdael
Traveled: Belgium, France, England, Germany
Influenced: Johan Jongkind, Charles Leickert, Johannes Josephus Destree, Jan Willem van Borselen