Amadeo De Souza Cardoso Portugal
11-14-1887 Mancelos, POR -10-25-1918 Espinho, PORBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
At the age of 18, Amadeo de Souza Cardoso entered the Superior School of Fine Arts of Lisbon and one year later on his 19th birthday he went to Paris, where he intended to continue his studies but soon quit the architecture course and started studying painting. There, he went to ateliers in the Académie des Beaux-Arts and the Viti Academy of the Catalan painter Anglada Camarasa. He became close friends with artists and writers such as Gertrude Stein, Juan Gris, Amedeo Modigliani, Max Jacob, and Constantin Brâncuși. He was also friends with the Italian Futurists Gino Severini and Umberto Boccioni.
In 1913, Amadeo de Souza Cardoso participated in two seminal exhibitions: the Armory Show in the USA, that travelled to New York City, Boston, and Chicago, and at the Galerie Der Sturm in Berlin. Both exhibitions presented modern art to a public that was still not used to it. Amadeo was among the most commercially successful of the exhibitors at the Armory Show, as he sold seven of the eight works he had on display there.
Amadeo met with Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona in 1914, and then left for Madrid, where the shock of World War I was already underway. His friend Amedeo Modigliani showed sculptures in his Paris studio.
Amadeo de Souza Cardoso early works, under the tutelage of the Spanish painter Anglada Camarasa, were stylistically close to impressionism. Around 1910, influenced both by cubism and by futurism, he became one of the first modern Portuguese painters. His more innovative paintings, such as "Trou de la Serrure", resemble collages and seem to pave the way to abstractionism or even dadaism.
Cubism was in expansion throughout Europe and was an important influence in his analytical cubism. Amadeo de Souza Cardoso explored expressionism and in his last works he tried new techniques and other forms of plastic expression.
On 25 October 1918, at the age of 30, Amadeo de Souza Cardoso died in Espinho, of the Spanish flu. After his death, his work remained almost unknown until 1952, when a room dedicated to his paintings in Amarante Museum gained the public's attention. A major retrospective on him, was held in 2016, at the Grand Palais in Paris.
Art Movement: Futurism, Modernism
Influences: Anglada Camarasa
Traveled: USA, Germany, Spain, France, Belgium