Alfred Jacob Miller USA

1-2-1810 Baltimore, USA – 6-26-1874 Baltimore, USA

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Miller, Alfred Jacob

Alfred Jacob Miller received his first lessons in art from Thomas Sully. After doing some painting in Baltimore and Washington, D.C., in 1833 he went to Europe to perfect his skills, aided by his family. He spent considerable time in Paris but also visited Bologna, Venice and Switzerland.

Alfred Jacob Miller was admitted without charge as an auditor to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris and while in Italy he was admitted to the English Life School. During these times, he became friends with the Danish and American sculptors, Bertel Thorwaldsen and Horatio Greenough, respectively, and the painter Horace Vernet. Alfred Jacob Miller studied technique, color and line by copying Old Masters in the museums, as was the practice at the time.

After returning to Baltimore in 1834, Alfred Jacob Miller opened a small studio, which was not successful. Seeking a change, he relocated to New Orleans in 1837. There he met the Scottish adventurer William Drummond Stewart, who hired Miller to accompany him and record his hunting journey to the Rocky Mountains. That same year, along with representatives of the American Fur Company, they ventured as far as Fort William and Green River.

Alfred Jacob Miller in New Orleans later that year, started working up his sketches in oils. The scenes and incidents of the hunting journey were the foundation of a series of paintings documenting aboriginal American life. In July 1838 Miller was able to arrange an exhibition in New Orleans. In October 1840 he traveled with his paintings to Stewart's Murthly Castle in Scotland, where a collection of his commissioned work was ultimately hung.

After spending a year in Scotland and another in London, Miller returned to Baltimore in April 1842. Alfred Jacob Miller established himself as an acknowledged portrait artist in the city.

Art Movement: American Western Art
Influences: Thomas Sully
Traveled: France, Italy, Switzerland, Scotland
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