Alexandre Gabriel Decamps France
3-3-1803 Paris, FRA – 8-22-1860 Fontainebleau, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps in his youth he travelled in the East, and reproduced Oriental life and scenery with a bold fidelity to nature that puzzled conventional critics. His powers, however, soon came to be recognized, and he was ranked along with Delacroix and Ingres as one of the leaders of the French school. At the Paris Exhibition of 1855 he received the grand or council medal. Most of his life was passed in the neighborhood of Paris.
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps was the founding father of Orientalism since he revealed everyday Oriental life in the 1831 Salon in Paris. His subjects and style with strong contrast of light and thick material became the reference for painters but also photographers and writers. He was the most influential painter on Orientalism and was proclaimed the chief of the new Orientalist School.
Decamps' style was characteristically and intensely French. It was marked by vivid dramatic conception, bold and even rough brushstrokes, and startling contrasts of color and of light and shade. His subjects embraced an unusually wide range. He availed himself of his travels in the East in dealing with scenes from Scripture history, which he was probably the first of European painters to represent with their true and natural local background.
Perhaps the most impressive of Alexandre Gabriel Decamps historical pictures is Defeat of the Cimbri, representing the conflict between a horde of barbarians and a disciplined army.
He died in 1860 the consequence of being thrown from a horse while hunting at Fontainebleau.
Art Movement: Orientalism
Traveled: Turkey, Middle East