Albert Gleizes France

12-8-1881 Paris, FRA - 6- 23-1953 Avignon, FRA

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Gleizes, Albert

Albert Gleizes was the nephew of Léon Comerre, a successful portrait painter who won the 1875 Prix de Rome. After completing his secondary schooling, Gleizes spent four years in the 72nd Infantry Regiment of the French army then began pursuing a career as a painter. Gleizes began to paint self-taught around 1901 in the Impressionist tradition.

Gleizes was only twenty-one years of age when his work titled La Seine à Asnières was exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in 1902. Tending towards 1907 his work evolved into a Post-Impressionist style with strong Naturalist and Symbolist components.

From 1910 onwards, Albert Gleizes was directly involved with Cubism, both as an artist and principle theorist of the movement.

Albert Gleizes then exhibited at the 1910 Salon d'Automne with the same artists, followed by the first organized group showing by Cubists, together with Metzinger, Delaunay, Le Fauconnier and Léger. The result was a public scandal which brought Cubism for the first time to the attention of the general public.
 
In February 1913, Gleizes and other artists introduced the new style of European modern art to an American audience at the Armory Show in New York City, Chicago and Boston.

Discharged from the military in the fall of 1915, Gleizes and his new wife, Juliette Roche, moved to New York, where they would meet regularly with Francis Picabia, Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp and Jean Crotti.

Albert Gleizes had never ceased to call himself a Cubist and theoretically a Cubist he remained. In many ways his theories were close to those developed by Mondrian, in fact, his works from the late 1920s through the 1940s looked like nothing else that was being done, and indeed, they were rarely seen in the art world because Gleizes deliberately distanced himself from extensive participation in the Parisian scene.

In the late 1930s, the wealthy American art connoisseur Peggy Guggenheim purchased a great deal of the new art in Paris including works by Albert Gleizes. She brought these works to the United States which today form part of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection.
During World War II, Gleizes and his wife remained in France under the German occupation.
 
In 2010, Le Chemin (Paysage à Meudon) (1911), sold for $2,700,000 at Christie's, London
 
Art Movement: Cubism
Influences: Camille Pissarro
Traveled: USA
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