Adolfo Guiard Spain

4-10-1860 Bilbao, ESP – 3- 8-1916 Bilbao, ESP

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Guiard, Adolfo

Adolfo Guiard was one of fifteen children born to Alphonse Guiard, a photographer who had come from France. The family was generally well off, but suffered hard times after his father's studio burned as the result of a shelling during the Third Carlist War.
His mother gave Adolfo his first set of watercolors and launched his career. His first formal lessons were with Antonio Lekuona, a noted costumbrista painter. At the age of sixteen, he went to Barcelona to continue his studies with Ramon Martí Alsina.
In 1878, Adolfo Guiard went to Paris, where he was able to enroll at the Académie Colarossi and study with Pierre-Paul-Léon Glaize. He also became acquainted with other established painters; notably Degas, who had a major influence on his work.

Around 1886, he returned to Bilbao. He established a workshop in Bakio, to work on the commission, and had his first solo exhibition that same year. With his eagerness to paint outdoors, near nature, he sets his residence in Baquio, a small town very close to Bilbao. Painting outdoors, the landscape will remain secondary in his work as it will give special importance to the human figures who live and work in the countryside. Its range of green, so intense in the landscape that surrounds it, is increasingly becoming blues and grays, which will eventually give definitive character to his work.

In 1890, he relocated to Murueta and concentrated on landscapes. Around 1900, he lived briefly in Deustu and participated in the first exhibition of modern art, held in Bilbao, which made his work more popular despite continuing negative reviews. In his final years, his output decreased dramatically. Most of Adolfo Guiard works are in private collections.
Art Movement: Impressionism
Influences: Antonio Lekuona, Ramon Martí Alsina, Pierre-Paul-Léon Glaize, Edgar Degas
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