Naturalism Art Movement

France 1850 - 1900

Naturalism Art Movement, History, Naturalist Paintings & Artists.

Naturalist or Naturalism art movement started during the early 1800's, in response to Romanticism. It emerged first in English landscape painting, a genre exemplified by the oil paintings of John Constable, before spreading to France and then other parts of Europe. If Romanticism encapsulated a strong belief in the senses and emotions and perpetuated a stylized and idealized depiction of subject matter, Naturalism appealed more to the intellect and reason and tried to portray things as they were. Naturalists also work from a scientific view of the world, with human beings being seen as part of nature and subject to its forces. Naturalists were influenced by Darwinian ideas about the strength of nature, and the lack of ability of humans to combat the forces of nature.

Naturalism is "How" it's Painted, not "What" is Painted.

In fine art painting, "naturalism" describes a true-to-life and detailed style which involves the representation or depiction of nature and can include people. There is a semi-photographic quality to the best naturalistic paintings. Naturalism is all about "how" a subject is painted, rather than "who" or "what" it is or is in the painting.

This movement is confounding because the critics made it confusing. In the 19th century "Naturalism" or the "Naturalist school" was to some degree raised as a term speaking to a breakaway sub-development of the Realism Art Movement, without politics or social commentary involved. The main correlation being made is that they are both practical in their portrayals of what they are painting yet Realism is regularly scenes of individuals in a realistic scenario and Naturalism derived from the word "nature", is often landscape oil paintings scenes in a realistic scenario. Along these lines, the qualification is clear, but the critics have jumbled them together requiring lengthy descriptions to differentiate the two. This is one movement that should be deleted from art history.

This movement is confounding because the critics made it confusing. In the 19th century "Naturalism" or the "Naturalist school" was to some degree raised as a term speaking to a breakaway sub-development of the Realism Art Movement, without politics or social commentary involved. The main correlation being made is that they are both practical in their portrayals of what they are painting yet Realism is regularly scenes of individuals in a realistic scenario and Naturalism derived from the word "nature", is often landscape oil paintings scenes in a realistic scenario. Along these lines, the qualification is clear, but the critics have jumbled them together requiring lengthy descriptions to differentiate the two. This is one movement that should be deleted from art history.

Two more Art Movements.

The Hudson River School
This loose-knit group of romantic artists, situated in New York City during the 1850s, were led by the English artist Thomas Cole. Other included Albert Bierstadt and Frederic Edwin Church.

The Barbizon School
The most prominent naturalist groups, the French Barbizon School of landscape painting inspired artists across Europe, America, and Australia with its spontaneous Plein-air compositions. Led by Theodore Rousseau, its most important famous artists were Camille Corot, Jean-Francois Millet, and Charles Daubigny.

After some time, naturalism affected other creative movements. Impressionism was affected by naturalism, in spite of the fact that it has nothing to do with it as per the depiction.

Partly from: Encyclopedia of Art and Ehow.

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