Naive Art Movement

France 1885 - 1960

Naive Art Movement, History, Folk Naive Paintings & Artists.

The Naïve art movement is any form of art that is made by a man who does not have the formal instruction and preparation that a professional artist undergoes. Naive art is a grouping that is portrayed by a virtuous straightforwardness and childlike simplicity in its subject matter and technique in oil painting. While many naive artists appear, from their works, to have zero formal training, this is often not true. While this was valid before the twentieth century, there are now academies teaching naive art. It is now a recognized art genre, represented in galleries around the world. Another term identified with but not synonymous with naïve art is folk art.

Folk art, as a rule, has an unmistakable social setting or convention, naive art does not. Paintings of this kind have a flat rendering style with a rudimentary expression of perspective. When this aesthetic is emulated by a trained artist, the result is in some cases called Primitivism, pseudo-naive or faux-naive. A standout among the most well-known painters of "naive art" was Henri Rousseau, a French Post-Impressionist who was discovered by Pablo Picasso.

The Formal Rules of Art, and the Naive Rules.

Rule 1. A decrease of the size of objects in the distance. With Naive artwork, objects in the foreground and background can be the same size.
Rule 2. Muting of colors with distance. In Naive, there is a strong use of pattern and color, without softening the colors in the backgrounds.
Rule 3. The decrease of the precision of details with distance, make them blurrier. Naive painting, an equal sharpness of details in the background and foreground.

Simplicity rather than nuance are all supposed signs of naive art. It has turned out to be such a mainstream and conspicuous style that many examples could be called pseudo-naive. "Primitive art" is another term connected to art by those without training but is all the more connected to work from specific societies that have been judged "primitive" by Western norms, such as Native American, Sub-Saharan African or Pacific Islander. There likewise exist the expressions "naïvism" and "primitivism" which are generally connected to professional painters working in the style of Paul Gauguin, Mikhail Larionov, and Paul Klee.

When the first naive artists showed up on the scene, no one knows, as from the very first manifestations right up to the days of the "Modern Classic", naive artists gave us unmistakable indications of their innovative movement. Naive art can be regarded as having occupied a position in the history of twentieth-century painting since, at the very latest, the publication of the Der Blaue Reiter, an almanac in 1912. Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, who brought out the almanac, presented six reproductions of paintings by Henri Rousseau, contrasting them and other pictorial examples. However, most experts concur that the year that naive art was discovered was 1885 when the painter Paul Signac became aware of the talents of Henri Rousseau and started organizing exhibitions of his work in many prestigious exhibitions.

Partly from: Wikipedia

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